Canada's two-year cap on international students' visas to impact Indians students

Immigration Minister Marc Miller said as part of the cap, there will be a 35 per cent reduction in new study visas in 2024
Read details here | (Photo: Edex Live)
Read details here | (Photo: Edex Live)

Canada has announced that it is imposing an immediate two-year cap on new international student visas to tackle a housing crisis and target institutional "bad actors", a move that is likely to impact Indians planning to study in the country. Immigration Minister Marc Miller said as part of the cap there will be a 35 per cent reduction in new study visas in 2024, PTI reported.

The cap is expected to result in 3,64,000 new approved permits in 2024. Nearly 5,60,000 such visas were issued last year. The cap will be in place for two years; the number of permits to be issued in 2025 will be reassessed at the end of this year, he said.

"To maintain a sustainable level of temporary residence in Canada, as well to ensure that there is no further growth in the number of international students in Canada for 2024, we are setting a national application intake cap for two years from 2024," Global News quoted Miller as saying. 

The CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) said, "The move comes amid pressure on the federal government from provinces on the increasing numbers of non-permanent residents entering Canada while the country struggles with a housing crisis."

Earlier this month, Miller said that a cap on international students would not be a one-size-fits-all solution to housing shortages across Canada.

More than 8,00,000 international students were issued temporary study visas in 2022. Miller said last fall that 2023's numbers were on track to be more than triple the number accepted 10 years ago.

Impact on India
The move is expected to impact students from India who see Canada as a preferred destination for higher studies. India was the first among the top ten origin countries of study permit holders in 2022 in Canada, with a total of 3,19,000 students, as stated in a report by PTI.

Miller said that by imposing the cap, the federal government is taking action against a few small private colleges. The move will help the government to target institutional "bad actors", he said.

"It's unacceptable that some private institutions have taken advantage of international students by operating under-resourced campuses, lacking supports for students and charging high tuition fees all the while significantly increasing their intake of international students," Miller said.

Further, he said that in some provinces, the total reduction in permits will be approximately 50 per cent. Provinces and territories will be left to decide how permits are distributed among universities and colleges in their jurisdictions. The cap will be in place for two years; the number of permits to be issued in 2025 will be reassessed at the end of this year.

Minister's thoughts

In an interview with CBC News on Monday, January 22, Miller spoke of, "degree-granting institutions that are giving fake business degrees" to students who hope to stay in Canada. Adding more, the minister said there could be "hundreds" of such schools operating in Canada and that the number has "exploded in the last couple of years." 

"In addition to the cap, the federal government will also require international students applying for a permit to provide an attestation letter from a province or territory. These measures are not against individual international students," Miller said. "They are to ensure that as future students arrive in Canada, they receive the quality of education that they signed up for and the hope that they were provided in their home countries," he added. Miller also announced changes to the post-graduation work permit programme.

Starting in September, international students who begin a programme as a part of a curriculum licensing arrangement (one where a private college has been licensed to deliver the curriculum of an associated public college) will no longer be eligible for a post-graduation work permit. Graduates of master's and other "short graduate-level programmes" will "soon" be able to apply for a three-year work permit, the government says.

Open work permits will also be made available to the spouses of international students in master's and doctoral programmes. The changes announced Monday come a little over a month after Miller first announced measures intended to target what the minister described as "the diploma equivalent of puppy mills." 

In a media statement, Ontario's Minister of Colleges and Universities Jill Dunlop said her government recognises that "some bad actors are taking advantage of these students with false promises of guaranteed employment, residency and Canadian citizenship," PTI reported. 

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