Published: 24th December 2021
Here's how schools play a small yet significant role in influencing teens' mental health
A sample of 26,885 students, between 11-14 years of age, across 85 schools were surveyed to establish young people's mental health conditions
A study has found that schools account for a small, but significant part of teens' mental health. The research has been published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
"As young people transition back to school, we must prioritise their mental health and consider what we can do to promote their well-being. Schools are potentially well placed to do this as young people spend much of their waking life at school; however, policymakers also need to look at any number of factors outside schools that are consistently associated with poor mental health, namely, deprivation and social inequality," said corresponding author Willem Kuyken, PhD, Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Oxford, UK.
A sample of 26,885 students, between 11-14 years of age, across 85 schools were surveyed to establish young people's mental health conditions and which school and broader factors were important. Schools accounted for only 2.4 per cent of the variation in social-emotional-behavioural difficulties; 1.6 per cent of the variation in depressive symptoms and 1.4 per cent of the variation in well-being. Other factors like being in an urban location, greater levels of deprivation and being white British were all associated with poorer mental health.
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While schools explained only small amounts of variation in mental health, in support of additional research in the field, school climate was nonetheless associated with mental health.
The findings, from data obtained in the My Resilience in Adolescence (MYRIAD) study, explored what supported young people's mental health and evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a mindfulness training intervention delivered to an entire school. This study uses the data from this mindfulness trial to explore school-level influences on the mental health of young people.
"Despite the direct influence of schools on mental health being small in our study, this does not mean schools should stop themselves short of doing something really valuable to improve a young person's mental health," said Tamsin Ford, PhD, Professor of Child Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, UK.
"A positive school climate seems key and there are a range of the whole school and targeted interventions that work. I would add that even small school-level effects may translate into more significant impacts if the substantial future health, economic and societal costs of mental ill-health are considered," Ford added.