Published: 20th September 2019
SC asks Modi government to explain how they are going to stop caste discrimination in colleges
The notice was issued after a case was filed by the mothers of Rohith Vemula and Payal Tadvi
Based on a complaint filed by the mothers of Rohith Vemula and Payal Tadvi, Dalit students who committed suicide because of caste-based discrimination, the Supreme Court on Friday issued a notice to the Centre to explain if UGC regulations to restrict caste discrimination in colleges were being followed.
The mothers of the deceased Dalit students had sought a direction to put an end to discriminatory practices in university campuses filed by the mothers of Payal Tadvi and Rohith Vemula, who committed suicide over alleged caste-based bias.
A Bench of Justice NV Ramana and Justice Ajay Rastogi agreed to examine the plea and has asked the Centre to file a response within four weeks on the plea seeking direction for strict compliance of the University Grants Commission (UGC) regulation of 2012 which restricts such discrimination. The court was hearing a plea filed by Abeda Salim Tadvi and Radhika Vemula, mothers of Payal Tadvi and Rohit Vemula, respectively.
Representing the petitioners, senior advocate Indira Jaising sought a direction for the strict compliance of the UGC regulation of 2012, which restricts any kind of discrimination on campus. Pointing to the rampant caste-based discrimination in higher education institutions, the petition said: "There have been several incidents of caste-based discrimination against members of the SC and ST community, which reflects flagrant non-compliance with the existing norms and regulations. These incidents are violative of the fundamental rights to equality, against discrimination, equal opportunity, the abolition of untouchability and right to life." Radhika Vemula has vowed to fight the forces responsible for her son's death.
The petition sought directions to all universities, including deemed ones and higher education institutions (HEIs), to ensure compliance with the UGC Equity Regulations in letter and in spirit. Directions should be issued to all universities and HEIs to establish Equal Opportunity Cells on the lines of other anti-discrimination internal complaints mechanisms, they said.
Payal Tadvi, belonging to the ST community, had allegedly committed suicide in her hostel at BYL Nair Hospital on May 22. She allegedly faced harassment from seniors following differences on the caste.
Vemula, a PhD scholar at the Hyderabad Central University, hung himself from a ceiling fan in a hostel room on January 17, 2016, allegedly due to disciplinary actions against him by the university.
The mothers of both the students sought directions to universities and HEIs to regularly organise compulsory orientation courses, workshops and training for staff, administrators and students to create separate modules for sensitisation on caste. "The internal complaints mechanism should include members of the SC, ST communities and independent representatives from NGOs or social activists to ensure objectivity and impartiality in the process and any such direction that the court may issue," they said.
The mothers also sought direction to universities and HEIs to bring in the public domain, through their websites, the practices adopted to address caste-based discrimination.