Published: 03rd June 2019
NSO data shows Telangana has one of the highest unemployment rates in the country
While the PLFS annual report has data pertaining to the unemployment rate in urban as well as rural areas, the quarterly bulletin data pertains to only urban areas
Telangana has one of the highest unemployment rates in the country especially among the youth, as per two recently released reports by National Statistical Office(NSO) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementations (MOSPI) - the Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS) annual report for the year 2017-18 and the PLFS Quarterly Bulletin.
While the PLFS annual report has data pertaining to the unemployment rate in urban as well as rural areas, the quarterly bulletin data pertains to only urban areas. According to the PLFS quarterly bulletin, in the quarter October-December 2018, unemployment rate according to Current Weekly Status(CWS) in urban areas of Telangana was 12.4 percent. This was the sixth highest among 22 states(excluding seven NE states and UTs each). Telangana had the highest unemployment rate after Bihar(13.4), Jammu and Kashmir(13.5), Odisha(14.2), Uttarakhand(13.6) and Uttar Pradesh(15.8).
A more worrying aspect of this data is the unemployment rate among youth(persons aged 15-29 years) in the state, which stood at 32.8 percent in October-December 2018. This was fifth highest among the 22 states, after Bihar, J&K, Kerala and Odisha. The all-India figure in this age group was 23.7 percent. The PLFS annual report for the year 2017-18 which pegged the unemployment rate in the country at 6.1 percent, has stoked controversy with media reports that this number is the highest in 45 years.
According to this report, the unemployment rate in rural Telangana was 6.5 percent and in urban Telangana, it was 9.4 per cent. The overall unemployment rate in 2017-18 in the state was 7.6 percent which is 14th highest among 36 states and UTs in the country.
However, when the figure is compared within the 22 states, Telangana had the seventh highest unemployment rate after Delhi(9.7), Goa(13.9), Haryana(8.6), Jharkhand(7.7), Kerala(11.14) and Punjab(7.8). When it comes to unemployment rate among the youth, Telangana had sixth-highest figure among the 22 states after Goa(28.7), Kerala(36.3), Odisha(23.6), Tamil Nadu(25.6) and Uttarakhand(27.5).