Published: 12th August 2019
Google Doodle celebrates Vikram Sarabhai's 100th birth anniversary
Vikram matriculated from the Gujarat College in Ahmedabad and moved to England to join the St John's College at the University of Cambridge
As Chandrayaan-2 cruises to reach the moon by August 20 and drop a lander called 'Vikram' on the Earth's sole satellite on September 7, Google on Monday celebrated the 100th birthday of Dr Vikram Sarabhai — the father of the Indian space programme — with a Doodle.
"There are some who question the relevance of space activities in a developing nation. To us, there is no ambiguity of purpose. We do not have the fantasy of competing with the economically advanced nations in the exploration of the moon or the planets or manned space-flight," Vikram had said as he emphasised upon the importance of a space programme during his successful dialogues with the Indian government.
"But we are convinced that if we are to play a meaningful role nationally, and in the community of nations, we must be second to none in the application of advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society," he had noted.
The establishment of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was one of his greatest achievements which broke many global records in days to come. Born on August 12, 1919, in Ahmedabad, Vikram was one of the eight children of Ambalal and Sarla Devi, according to the ISRO website. The Sarabhai family was an important and rich Jain business family. Ambalal was an affluent industrialist and owned several mills in Gujarat.
He matriculated from the Gujarat College in Ahmedabad after clearing the Intermediate science examination. After that, he moved to England and joined the St. John's College at the University of Cambridge. Vikram then went on to receive the Tripos in Natural Sciences from Cambridge in 1940.
The tripos framework includes a wide range of natural sciences from physical sciences to biology which is taught alongside the history and philosophy of science. With the escalation of the World War II, Vikram returned to India and joined the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and began research in cosmic rays under the guidance of Nobel winner Sir C.V. Raman.
A great institution builder and established or helped set up a large number of institutions in diverse fields, he was instrumental in establishing the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad. He was only 28 at that time. Dr Homi Jehangir Bhabha, widely regarded as the father of India's nuclear science programme, supported Vikram in setting up the first rocket launching station in India.
The centre was established at Thumba near Thiruvananthapuram on the coast of the Arabian Sea, primarily because of its proximity to the equator. "After a remarkable effort in setting up the infrastructure, personnel, communication links, and launch pads, the inaugural flight was launched on November 21, 1963, with a sodium vapour payload," says ISRO.
Vikram started a project for the fabrication and launch of an Indian Satellite. As a result, the first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was put in orbit in 1975 from a Russian Cosmodrome. The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) at Thiruvananthapuram today is the major centre of ISRO, where the design and development activities of satellite launch vehicles and sounding rockets are carried out and made ready for launch operations.
Interested in science education, Vikram founded a Community Science Centre at Ahmedabad in 1966. Today, the Centre is called the Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre. Vikram was honoured with the Padma Bhushan in 1966 and the Padma Vibhushan (posthumously) in 1972.
He was also Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. Along with other Ahmedabad-based industrialists, he played a major role in the creation of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. To pay homage to the father of India's space programme, ISRO has also announced an award in his name on his 100th birthday.
Married to Mrinalini Sarabhai and father of noted dancer and activist Mallika Sarabhai, he died in Kovalam, Thiruvananthapuram, on December 30, 1971. His son Kartikeya Sarabhai is one of the world's leading environmental educators and a dedicated community builder. Needless to say, the Indian space programme has aptly lived to his expectations.