Published: 08th October 2017
Foreign languages to not be an option under the three-language formula from 2018, HRD ministry tells CBSE
Students opting for languages like German will have to apply for it as their fourth language and can only choose from languages specified under the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution
Any language that is not 'purely' Indian will no longer be categorised under the three language formula in schools, the HRD Ministry is reported to have stated to the Central Board of Secondary Education CBSE). Students wanting to opt for German or French will no longer be able to do so from the next academic session, and those wanting to learn foreign languages should opt for them as fourth or fifth language, it said.
Under the National Education Policy, the three-language formula means students in Hindi-speaking States should learn a modern Indian language, apart from Hindi and English, and those in non-Hindi-speaking States, should learn Hindi along with the regional language and English. However, a majority of the 18,000 affiliated institutions offer the mother tongue or Hindi, English and a foreign language such as German and Mandarin up to Class 8.
"Languages which are listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution should be taught under the three language formula, while languages which are 'purely foreign' should be taught as a 'fourth language' as an elective subject," a source said. "Consultations are on with the CBSE and the changes are likely to be implemented from next academic session," the source added.
Last December, the CBSE had sent the proposed three- language formula for secondary education to the HRD ministry setting off speculation over as to when the new scheme would kick in. The proposal has two major differences with the CBSE's existing three-language formula that applies till Class 8. One, it extends the scheme till Class 10, and two, it does away with foreign languages as an option for students.
Under the new plan, a student would have to take up three Indian languages listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution, one of which could be English.